The Names of God

OLD TESTAMENT NAMES FOR GOD

EL: God (“mighty, strong, prominent”) used 250 times in the OT See Gen. 7:1, 28:3, 35:11; Nu. 23:22; Josh. 3:10; 2 Sam. 22:31, 32; Neh. 1:5, 9:32; Isa. 9:6; Ezek. 10:5. El is linguistically equivalent to the Moslem “Allah,” but the attributes of Allah in Islam are entirely different from those of the God of the Hebrews. ELAH is Aramaic, “god.” Elah appears in the Hebrew Bible in Jer. 10:11 (which is in Aramaic, and is plural, “gods”). In Daniel (the Aramaic sections) Elah is used both of pagan gods, and of the true God, also plural. Elah is equivalent to the Hebrew Eloah which some think is dual; Elohim is three or more. The gods of the nations are called “elohim.” The origin of Eloah is obscure. Elohim is the more common plural form of El. Eloah is used 41 times in Job between 3:4 and 40:2, but fewer than 15 times elsewhere in the OT.

ELOHIM: God (a plural noun, more than two, used with singular verbs); Elohim occurs 2,570 times in the OT, 32 times in Gen. 1. God as Creator, Preserver, Transcendent, Mighty and Strong. Eccl., Dan. Jonah use Elohim almost exclusively. See Gen. 17:7, 6:18, 9:15, 50:24; I Kings 8:23; Jer. 31:33; Isa. 40:1.

EL SHADDAI: God Almighty or “God All Sufficient.” 48 times in the OT, 31 times in Job. First used in Gen. 17:1, 2. (Gen. 31:29, 49:24, 25; Prov. 3:27; Micah 2:1; Isa. 60:15, 16, 66:10-13; Ruth 1:20, 21) In Rev. 16:7, “Lord God the Almighty.” The Septuagint uses Greek “ikanos” meaning “all-sufficient” or “self-sufficient.” The idols of the heathen are called “sheddim.”
ADONAI: Lord in our English Bibles (Capitol letter ‘L ‘, lower case, ‘ord’) (Adonai is plural, the sing. is “adon”). “Master” or “Lord” 300 times in the OT always plural when referring to God, when sing. the reference is to a human lord. Used 215 times to refer to men. First use of Adonai, Gen. 15:2. (Ex. 4:10; Judges 6:15; 2 Sam. 7:18-20; Ps. 8, 114:7, 135:5, 141:8, 109:21-28). Heavy use in Isaiah (Adonai Jehovah). 200 times by Ezekiel. Ten times in Dan. 9.

JEHOVAH: LORD in our English Bibles (all capitals). Yahweh is the covenant name of God. Occurs 6823 times in the OT First use Gen. 2:4 (Jehovah Elohim). From the verb “to be”, havah, similar to chavah (to live), “The Self-Existent One,” “I AM WHO I AM” or ‘I WILL BE WHO I WILL BE” as revealed to Moses at the burning bush, Ex.3. The name of God, too sacred to be uttered, abbreviated ( . . . . ) or written “YHWH” without vowel points. The tetragrammaton. Josh., Judges, Sam., and Kings use Jehovah almost exclusively. The love of God is conditioned upon His moral and spiritual attributes. (Dan. 9:14; Ps. 11:7; Lev. 19:2; Hab. 1:12). Note Deut. 6:4, 5 known to Jews as the Sh’ma uses both Jehovah and Elohim to indicate one God with a plurality of persons.

JEHOVAH-JIREH: “The Lord will Provide.” Gen. 22:14. From “jireh” (“to see” or “to provide,” or to “foresee” as a prophet.) God always provides, adequate when the times come.

JEHOVAH-ROPHE: “The Lord Who Heals” Ex. 15:22-26. From “rophe” (“to heal”); implies spiritual, emotional as well as physical healing. (Jer. 30:17, 3:22; Isa. 61:1) God heals body, soul and spirit; all levels of man’s being.
JEHOVAH-NISSI: “The Lord Our Banner.” Ex. 17:15. God on the battlefield, from word which means “to glisten,” “to lift up,” See Psalm 4:6.

JEHOVAH-M’KADDESH: “The Lord Who Sanctifies” Lev. 20:8. “To make whole, set apart for holiness.”
JEHOVAH-SHALOM: “The Lord Our Peace” Judges 6:24. “Shalom” translated “peace” 170 times means “whole,” “finished,” “fulfilled,” “perfected.” Related to “well,” welfare.” Deut. 27:6; Dan. 5:26; I Kings 9:25 8:61; Gen. 15:16; Ex. 21:34, 22:5, 6; Lev. 7:11-21. Shalom means that kind of peace that results from being a whole person in right relationship to God and to one’s fellow man.

SHEPHERD: Psa. 23, 79:13, 95:7, 80:1, 100:3; Gen. 49:24; Isa. 40:11.

JUDGE: Psa. 7:8, 96:13.
JEHOVAH ELOHIM: “LORD God” Gen. 2:4; Judges 5:3; Isa. 17:6; Zeph. 2:9; Psa. 59:5, etc.
JEHOVAH-TSIDKENU “The Lord Our Righteousness” Jer. 23:5, 6, 33:16. From “tsidek” (straight, stiff, balanced – as on scales – full weight, justice, right, righteous, declared innocent.) God our Righteousness.

JEHOVAH-ROHI: “The Lord Our Shepherd” Psa. 23, from “ro’eh” (to pasture).

JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH: The Lord is There” (Ezek. 48:35).

JEHOVAH-SABAOTH: “The Lord of Hosts” The commander of the angelic host and the armies of God. Isa. 1:24; Psa. 46:7, 11; 2 Kings 3:9-12; Jer. 11:20 (NT: Rom. 9:29; James 5:4, Rev. 19: 11-16).

EL ELYON: ‘Most High” (from “to go up”) Deut. 26:19, 32:8; Psa. 18:13; Gen. 14:18; Nu. 24:16; Psa. 78:35, 7:17, 18:13, 97:9, 56:2, 78:56, 18:13; Dan. 7:25, 27; Isa. 14:14.

ABHIR: ‘Mighty One’, (“to be strong”) Gen. 49:24; Deut. 10:17; Psa. 132:2, 5; Isa. 1:24, 49:26, 60:1.

BRANCH: (tsemach), The Branch: Zech. 3:8, 6:12; Isa. 4:2; Jer. 23:5, 33:15.

KADOSH: “Holy One” Psa. 71:22; Isa. 40:25, 43:3, 48:17. Isaiah uses the expression “the Holy One of Israel” 29 times.

SHAPHAT: “Judge” Gen. 18:25

EL ROI: “God of Seeing” Hagar in Gen. 16:13. The God Who opens our eyes.

KANNA: “Jealous” (zealous). Ex. 20:5, 34:14; Deut. 5:9; Isa. 9:7; Zech. 1:14, 8:2.

PALET: “Deliverer” Psa. 18:2.

YESHUA: (Yeshua) “Savior” (“he will save”). Isa. 43:3. Jesus is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew “Joshua.” The latter is a contraction of Je-Hoshua. (“Christ”, the anointed one is equivalent to the Hebrew Maschiah, or Messiah). [

GAOL: “Redeemer” (to buy back by paying a price). Job 19:25; For example, the antitype corresponding to Boaz the Kinsman-Redeemer in the Book of Ruth.

MAGEN: “Shield” Psa. 3:3, 18:30.

STONE: Gen. 49:24

EYALUTH: “Strength” Psa. 22:19.

TSADDIQ: “Righteous One” Psa. 7:9.

EL-OLAM: “Everlasting God” (God of everlasting time) Gen. 21:33; Psa. 90:1-3, 93:2; Isa. 26:4.

EL-BERITH: “God of the Covenant” Used of Baal in Judges 9:46. Probably used originally to refer to the God of israel.

EL-GIBHOR: Mighty God (Isa. 9:6)

ZUR: “God our Rock” Deut. 32:18; Isa. 30:29.

Malachi calls Messiah “The Sun of Righteousness” (Malachi 4:2).

Isaiah calls Messiah “Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God (El Gibhor), Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace” (Isa. 9:6).

‘Attiq Yomin (Aramaic): “Ancient of Days,” Dan. 7:9, 13, 22.

MELEKH: “King” Psa. 5:2, 29:10, 44:4, 47:6-8, 48:2, 68:24, 74:12, 95:3, 97:1, 99:4, 146:10; Isa. 5:1, 5, 41:21, 43:15, 44:6; 52:7, 52:10.

“The Angel of the Lord: ” Gen. 16:7ff, 21:17, 22:11, 15ff, 18:1-19:1, 24:7, 40, 31:11-13, 32:24-30; Ex. 3:6, 13:21, Ezek. 1:10-13. Seen in the theophanies, or pre-incarnate appearances of the Son of God in the OT (See I Cor. 10:3 NT).

FATHER: 2 Sam. 7:14-15; Psa. 68:5; Isa. 63:16, 64:8; Mal. 1:6.

MORE NAMES OF GOD in the New Testament

ABBA………………………..Romans 8:15

ADVOCATE…………………….I John 2:1 (kjv)

ALMIGHTY…………………….Genesis 17:1

ALPHA……………………….Revelation 22:13

AMEN………………………..Revelation 3:14

ANCIENT OF DAYS………………Daniel 7:9

ANOINTED ONE…………………Psalm 2:2

APOSTLE……………………..Hebrews 3:1

ARM OF THE LORD………………Isaiah 53:1

AUTHOR OF LIFE……………….Acts 3:15

AUTHOR OF OUR FAITH…………..Hebrews 12:2

BEGINNING……..
……………..Revelation 21:6

BLESSED & HOLY RULER…………..1 Timothy 6:15

BRANCH……………………….Jeremiah 33:15

BREAD OF GOD………………….John 6:33

BREAD OF LIFE…………………John 6:35

BRIDEGROOM……………………Isaiah 62:56

BRIGHT MORNING STAR……………Revelation 22:16

CHIEF SHEPHERD…………………1 Peter 5:4

CHOSEN ONE…………………….Isaiah 42:1

CHRIST………………………..Matthew 22:42

CHRIST OF GOD………………….Luke 9:20

CHRIST THE LORD………………..Luke 2:11

CHRIST, SON OF LIVING GOD……….Matthew 16:16

COMFORTER……………………..John 14:26(kjv)

COMMANDER……………………..Isaiah 55:4

CONSOLATION OF ISRAEL……………Luke 2:25

CONSUMING FIRE………………….Deut. 4:24, Heb. 12:29

CORNERSTONE…………………….Isaiah 28:16

COUNSELOR………………………Isaiah 9:6

CREATOR………………………..1 Peter 4:19

DELIVERER…………………………Romans 11:26

DESIRED OF ALL NATIONS……………..Haggai 2:7

DOOR……………………………..John 10:7(kjv)

END………………………………Revelation 21:6

ETERNAL GOD……………………….Deut. 33:27

EVERLASTING FATHER…………………Isaiah 9:6

FAITHFUL & TRUE……………………Revelation 19:11

FAITHFUL WITNESS…………………..Revelation 1:5

FATHER……………………………Matthew 6:9

FIRSTBORN (3)………………………………….Rom.8:29,Rev.1:5,Col.1:15

FIRSTFRUITS……………………….1 Cor.15:20-23

FOUNDATION………………………..1 Cor. 3:11

FRIEND OF TAX COLLECTORS & SINNERS…..Matthew 11:19

GENTLE WHISPER…………………….1 Kings 19:12

GIFT OF GOD……………………….John 4:10

GLORY OF THE LORD………………….Isaiah 40:5

GOD………………………………Genesis 1:1

GOD ALMIGHTY………………………Genesis 17:1

GOD OVER ALL………………………Romans 9:5

GOD WHO SEES ME……………………Genesis 16:13

GOOD SHEPHERD……………………..John 10:11

GREAT HIGH PRIEST………………….Hebrews 4:14

GREAT SHEPHERD…………………….Hebrews 13:20

GUIDE…………………………….Psalm 48:14

HEAD OF THE BODY…………………..Colossians 1:18

HEAD OF THE CHURCH…………………Ephesians 5:23

HEIR OF ALL THINGS…………………Hebrews 1:2

HIGH PRIEST……………………….Hebrews 3:1

HIGH PRIEST FOREVER………………..Hebrews 6:20

HOLY ONE………………………….Acts 2:27

HOLY ONE OF ISRAEL…………………Isaiah 49:7

HOLY SPIRIT……………………….John 16:26

HOPE……………………………..Titus 2:13

HORN OF SALVATION………………….Luke 1:69

I AM………………………………Exodus 3:14, John 8:58

IMAGE OF GOD……………………….2 Cor. 4:4

IMAGE OF HIS PERSON…………………Hebrews 1:3 (kjv)

IMMANUEL…………………………..Isaiah 7:14

JEALOUS…………………………Exodus 34:14 (kjv)

JEHOVAH…………………………Psalm 83:18 (kjv)

JESUS…………………………..Matthew 1:21

JESUS CHRIST OUR LORD…………….Romans 6:23

JUDGE…………………………..Isaiah 33:22, Acts 10:42

KING……………………………Zechariah 9:9

KING ETERNAL…………………….1 Timothy 1:17

KING OF KINGS……………………1 Timothy 6:15

KING OF THE AGES…………………Revelation 15:3

LAMB OF GOD………………………John 1:29

LAST ADAM………………………..1 Cor. 15:45

LAWGIVER…………………………Isaiah 33:22

LEADER…………………………..Isaiah 55:4

LIFE…………………………….John 14:6

LIGHT OF THE WORLD………………..John 8:12

LIKE AN EAGLE…………………….Deut. 32:11

LILY OF THE VALLEYS……………….Song 2:1

LION OF THE TRIBE OF JUDAH…………Revelation 5:5

LIVING STONE……………………..1 Peter 2:4

LIVING WATER……………………..John 4:10

LORD…………………………….John 13:13

LORD GOD ALMIGHTY…………………Revelation 15:3

LORD JESUS CHRIST…………………1 Cor. 15:57

LORD OF ALL………………………Acts 10:36

LORD OF GLORY ……………………1 Cor. 2:8

LORD OF LORDS…………………….1 Tim. 6:15

LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS…………..Jeremiah 23:6

LOVE……………………………1 John 4:8

MAN OF SORROWS…………………….Isaiah 53:3

MASTER…………………………….Luke 5:5

MEDIATOR…………………………..1 Timothy 2:5

MERCIFUL GOD……………………….Jeremiah 3:12

MESSENGER OF THE COVENANT…………….Malachi 3:1

MESSIAH…………………………… John 4:25

MIGHTY GOD………………………….Isaiah 9:6

MIGHTY ONE………………………….Isaiah 60:16

NAZARENE……………………………Matthew 2:23

OFFSPRING OF DAVID…………………..Revelation 22:16

OMEGA………………………………Revelation 22:13

ONLY BEGOTTEN SON……………………John 1:18(kjv)

OUR PASSOVER LAMB……………………1 Cor. 5:7

OUR PEACE…………………………..Ephesians 2:14

POTTER……………………………..Isaiah 64:8

POWER OF GOD………………………..1 Cor. 1:24

PRINCE OF PEACE……………………..Isaiah 9:6

PROPHET…………………………….Acts 3:22

PURIFIER……………………………Malachi 3:3

RABBONI (TEACHER)……………………John 20:16

RADIANCE OF GOD’S GLORY………………Heb.1:3

REDEEMER……………………………Job 19:25

REFINER’S FIRE………………………Malachi 3:2

RESURRECTION………………………..John 11:25

RIGHTEOUS ONE……………………….1 John 2:1

ROCK……………………………….1 Cor.10:4

ROOT OF DAVID……………………….Rev. 22:16

ROSE OF SHARON………………………Song 2:1

RULER OF GOD’S CREATION………………Rev. 3:14

RULER OVER KINGS OF EARTH…………….Rev 1:5

RULER OVER ISRAEL……………………Micah 5:2

SAVIOR……………………………..Luke 2:11

SCEPTER OUT OF ISRAEL………………..Numbers 24:17

SEED……………………………….Genesis 3:15

SERVANT…………………………….Isaiah 42:1

SHEPHERD OF OUR SOULS………………..1Peter 2:25

SHIELD……………………………..Genesis 15:1

SON OF DAVID………………………..Matthew 1:1

SON OF GOD………………………….Matthew 27:54

SON OF MAN………………………….Matthew 8:20

SON OF THE MOST HIGH…………………Luke 1:32

SOURCE……………………………..Hebrews 5:9

SPIRIT OF GOD……………………….Genesis 1:2

STAR OUT OF JACOB……………………Numbers 24:17

STONE………………………………1 Pe
ter 2:8

SUN OF RIGHTEOUSNESS…………………Malachi 4:2

TEACHER……………………………..John 13:13

TRUE LIGHT…………………………..John 1:9

TRUE WITNESS…………………………Revelation 3:14

TRUTH……………………………….John 14:6

VINE………………………………..John 15:5

WAY………………………………….John 14:6

WISDOM OF GOD…………………………1 Cor. 1:24

WITNESS………………………………Isaiah 55:4

WONDERFUL…………………………….Isaiah 9:6

WORD…………………………………John 1:1

WORD OF GOD…………………………..Revelation 19:13

2 responses to “The Names of God

  1. I love this list. Thank you Teresa!

  2. Wow! What an extensive study, of The Names Of God! I will have to revisit this page a few times, that I might glean as much as possible from it.
    Thank you so much for putting in the effort, and the time, to share this information. God bless you!

    Paulette

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